Among the wide range of treatments on offer to ensure your smile reflects your personality is bone grafting or reconstruction – a well-tested procedure that can improve the function and beauty of your teeth. Because it acts as an anchor, a sufficient amount of jawbone is necessary to ensure the long-term stability of teeth or dental implants.
When bone loss occurs, we, at Advanced Dentistry have the skills to remedy the problem.
Bone is essential to support the teeth in function in the mouth. The bone and the teeth similarly function to support the overlying soft tissues of the perioral region. When teeth are lost, the bone supporting the tooth is gradually lost, as is the support for the overlying soft tissue. Also, the amount of bone remaining for tooth restoration, especially for implant placement or restoration, is diminished. Bone grafting uses bone substitutes to reform areas of lost bone, allowing the missing teeth to be replaced as naturally as possible.
All bone substitutes act as a scaffold, allowing the body to replace the artificial bone with its own over time. The time taken for this total replacement varies depending on the type of material used. These bone substitutes can be…
These are the most widely used type of grafts. Most commonly, a bovine (cow) bone graft material is used together with a porcine (pig) collagen membrane. At Advanced Dentistry, we commonly use products supplied by Geistlich Biomaterials who produce Biooss (Bovine bone) and Bioguide (porcine collagen) products.
Taken from the patient themselves during implant surgery. The required volume of bone and the position of this graft may make this procedure necessary but, more commonly, animal-derived grafts can replace the bone lost as necessary for most treatments. In some countries, human donor bone is the material of choice but this is not used very commonly in the UK.
Many patients elect to use such bone products for either religious or socio-ethical reasons.
Accidents or inflammation of the gums and bone due to bacteria can cause bone loss. The height and thickness of the jawbone can also diminish after teeth have been removed.
When is bone reconstruction needed? This procedure is carried out under several circumstances:
Human bone can renew itself but in most cases it needs assistance. Philip’s supplier, Geistlich Biomaterials, has developed rigorously tested natural products, including a bone substitute that enhances the body’s regeneration processes extremely effectively and aids the healing process.
Some people may experience discomfort but there are quick and easy remedies to ease any tenderness. Swelling can be treated with cold compresses. If pain occurs, suitable painkillers will be prescribed.
During the first weeks after surgery, avoid the area operated on when brushing your teeth and use an antibacterial mouthwash. After this, a special soft toothbrush can be used to clean the area around the wound.
Avoid coffee, alcohol and cigarettes for two to three days after surgery. This reduces the risk of bleeding and boosts the healing process. Heavy smoking and poor oral hygiene can adversely affect the outcome of the procedure.
You must attend all check-ups with the clinical team even if healing is proceeding without problems.
Advanced Dentistry ensures the products used conform to the highest safety standards and are made under strictly controlled manufacturing procedures from the finest raw materials.
Independent institutions and state authorities regularly check Geistlich Biomaterials’ production processes and the company operates a documented quality assurance system.
These have been part of the standard therapy in the field of bone reconstruction for many years throughout the world. Many clinical studies have reported on the reliability of both products.
Regardless of the type of material used, the actual graft procedures are relatively similar and can be used to recreate bone using:
During this procedure, the sinus is accessed and the lining gently elevated, allowing bone graft material to be placed forming an increased foundation for the placement of implants. With this procedure there are several matters that you should be aware of:
At Advanced Dentistry we always invest heavily in the latest techniques and much of our bone grafting procedures are carried out by using Piezosurgery techniques, which keep bone work as atraumatic as possible.
While grafting procedures are carried out to cause as little trauma as possible, these can be invasive procedures and it is normal to expect some swelling, tenderness and bruising afterwards. The true extent of this depends on the individual but will always be controllable with routine analgesia if required and will generally resolve in the 7-10 days following surgery.Back to Dental Implants